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Place Descriptions

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> The Country of Samaria
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The Country of Samaria
submitted by Turathuna Bethlehem University

The size of Samaria has frequently been modified by historical events, it is therefore impossible to speak of its boundaries in general, but only and then often vaguely of its boundaries in a given period.

After the 1967 war, an extended area around Jerusalem was subtracted from Jordan, and the rest was divided into three parts, or districts: Samaria to the North, Ramallah in the centre, and Hebron to the South. Thus the Samaria of today goes from the Jordan in the Fast to the coastal plain in the West, and from the plain of Esdraelon in the North to the southern plateaux of the valley of Lubban in the South, and therefore roughly corresponds to the territory allotted to the tribes of Western Manasseh and to the Roman district of the first century A.D. as described by Flavius Josephus (1).

The central part of Samaria, from Jenin to Nablus, is made up of nummulitic limestone, soft and greyish, of the early and middle Eocene era. An isolated area of middle Cenomanian is to be found in the vicinity of Nablus, surrounded by a ring of rocks of the late Eocene era. There are three vast alluvial zones, two to the South of Jenin and one to the East of Nablus.

To the West of the Nablus-Jenin area, the composition becomes more complex. Before reaching the strip of alluvial soil, which preludes the Mediterranean coast, we come across large islands of the Cenomanian Turanian era, alternating with zones of the Eocene era.

To the East, parallel to the Jordan valley, there is the geologically most ancient part, made up of rocks of the late Cenomanian era.

Source: "Samaria" by Maria Petrozzi

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